Chapter 24 CHAPTER 24 - Reproductive Health Issues Key Points for Providers and Clients Postabortion Care Fertility returns quickly, within a few weeks, after abortion or miscarriage. Women need to start using a family planning method almost immediately to avoid unwanted pregnancy. Violence Against Women Violence is not the woman's fault. It is very common. All health care providers can do something to help. Infertility Infertility often can be prevented. Avoiding sexually transmitted infections and receiving prompt treatment for these and other reproductive tract infections can reduce a client’s risk of infertility.