(see also Questions and Answers)

Couple back to back, in background a menstrual cycle is displayedFertility awareness methods:

  • Can be very effective if used consistently and correctly.
  • Do not require literacy or advanced education.
  • Do not harm men who abstain from sex.
  • Do not work when a couple is mistaken about when the fertile time occurs, such as thinking it occurs during monthly bleeding.
Fertility Awareness Methods for Women Living With HIV
  • Women who are living with HIV or are on antiretroviral therapy (ART) can safely use fertility awareness methods.
  • Urge these women to use condoms along with fertility awareness methods. Used consistently and correctly, condoms help prevent transmission of HIV and other STIs.