Because bleeding does not come every month in the time before menopause, it is difficult for a woman whose bleeding seems to have stopped to know when to stop using contraception. Thus, it is recommended to continue using a family planning method until 12 months with no bleeding have passed.

Hormonal methods affect bleeding, and so it may be difficult to know if a woman using them has reached menopause. She can switch to a nonhormonal method. She no longer needs contraception once she has had no bleeding for 12 months in a row.

Copper-bearing IUDs can be left in place until after menopause. The IUD should be removed 12 months after a woman’s last monthly bleeding.